Event-Based Science®


Table of Contents

Welcome

Awards

Consulting Services

Staff Development

Scenario-Based 
Investigations

EBS Store

Teacher Gift Store

Ordering Modules
and Kits

Hints

Remote Sensing

Parent Letter

What is Event-Based Science?

Special Needs Students

Skeptic is Won Over

How Do Schools Use EBS

Event-Based Science meets National Science Education Standards!


Hurricane!

Event-Based Science is a new way to teach middle school science. It is an award-winning, standards-based program in which newsworthy events establish the relevance of science topics; authentic tasks create the need-to-know more about those topics; and lively interviews, photographs, Web pages, and inquiry-based science activities create a desire to know more about those topics.

Main EBS Page

weather barometric pressure clouds track precipitation wind storm

Hurricane! is an Event-Based Science module about one of the most devastating weather events that people can experience. Our story focuses on the devastation that Hurricane Andrew brought to South Florida in August, 1992. This storm destroyed 25,524 homes, damaged 101,241 more, left 250,000 people homeless and 54 dead.

The task in Hurricane! turns your class into teams of experts. Each team will publish a newspaper account of a real hurricane that is approaching one of 11 American cities that have been chosen as the teams' home cities. Each home city has a history that includes hurricane strikes and damage.

NSTA Recommends Hurricane!

Each team of 6 students has its own Editor-In-Chief, Hurricane Specialist, Meteorologist, Natural Hazards Planner, Reporter, and Environmental Scientist. As this team receives daily information on the hurricane bearing down on its coastal city, decisions must be made. Action must be taken! The public must be informed!

Teaching Suggestions From The Field


Hurricane!
has activities designed
for Special Needs Students.

Hurricane!
has two remote-sensing activities
sponsored by NASA.


Hurricane! Resources

A "pdf" file containing web sites, books, material lists, and correlations with National Science Education Standards.
Use the BACK button in your browser to return to this page.

HTML Version


If you are a teacher who is about to do the Science Activity called Hurricane Tracking, we have created a tool called Update Tracking Data. It is an MSWord file that presents tracking data for Day 8 through Day 13. Download the file and print out the three pages. Then cut out and glue the appropriate weather maps from Hurricane! Teacher Guide page 43 onto Update Tracking Data. Two maps will fit on each page. Make transparencies from these pages and use the transparencies to present additional tracking data as your students complete the activity.

Update Tracking Data Download


EBS Breaking News

Click here to use Google News to search and browse 4,500 continuously updated news sources for breaking news about hurricanes and weather.

The Hurricane Season 2014 Prediction

On May 22, theNOAA’s Climate Prediction Center announced its hurricane outlook for 2014. NOAA’s 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook indicates that a near-normal or below-normal hurricane season is likely this year. The outlook calls for a 50% chance of a below-normal season, a 40% chance of a near-normal season, and only a 10% chance of an above-normal season.

    • 8-13 Named Storms
    • 3-6 Hurricanes
    • 1-2 Major Hurricanes
    • Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) range of 40%-100% of the median.

During hurricane season---June 1 through November 30---you can use the Event-Based ScienceHurricane! page as your starting point for tracking the Atlantic latest storm. Try clicking on on the word " tracking " or on the tracking map below to see what's happening now. You can also use the map on the right below to get almost real-time wind and wave-height measurements from a data buoy near any active hurricane.

Hurricanes in the Pacific do not usually threaten the mainland US. But if you want to see tropical storm activity in the East Pacific chick here .

2013 Atlantic Tracking Map Bouy data map

2014 Hurricane Tracks

Buoy Data


HELPING HURRICANE VICTIMS

One way to engage your students in the topic of hurricanes is to have them support families who were directly affected by a recent hurricane. Begin your search for ways to help with these two organizations:

The American Red Cross

Salvation Army

2014 Atlantic Hurricane Names

Hurricanes are named alphabetically. The first tropical storm or hurricane of the year has a name that begins with "A" and the second is given the name that begins with "B." Each year's list contains names that begin from A to W, but exclude names that begin withQ and U.

Beginning in 1953, the National Hurricane Center has publishes a new list of names for tropical storms and hurricanes. The first lists had only female names; but since 1979, the lists have alternated between male and female names.

Six lists of names are used. These lists rotate unchanged unless there is a devastating hurricane. When that happens, the name of that hurricane is retired and another name replaces it.

Underlined names below are linked to a tracking map for that Hurricane or Tropical Storm.

Arthur

 

Bertha


Cristobal


Dolly


Edouard

 

Fay


Gonzalo

Hanna

Isaias

Josephine

Kyle

Laura

Marco

Nana

Omar

Paulette

Rene

Sally

Teddy

Vicky

Wilfred

Are you and your students tracking a hurricane? Are you trying to predict whether or not it will strengthen or weaken? You can use a wind shear map to help you.

Wind Shear can cause a hurricane to weaken!

Wind shear is the result of streams of air flow at different altitudes. It ranges from a low of 0 to 5 to highs of 40-50.

For example, if there is an easterly flow of air at 30 mph at 40,000 ft., and a westerly flow of air at 25mph at 20,000 ft., the wind shear is 5.

High wind shears tend to disrupt smaller tropical depressions as they are forming.

Wind Shear Map You can look at a map of current wind shear here. You may find it hard to figure out at first. This may help:

  • Find the white outlines of land so that you can see the part of the ocean area you're interested in.

  • The yellow lines showing wind shear are like lines on a contour map.

  • A circle with a 20 or lower on it is an area of low wind shear. If you have one of those low wind shear areas where your hurricane is developing it means that there's not enough wind sheer to disrupt it. The tropical storm or hurricane you are tracking is likely to grow.

  • If the wind shear is higher that 30 where your storm is developing you will probably see it weaken or even disappear.

  • Find the white outlines of land so that you can find the part of the ocean you're interested in.

  • Yellow lines showing wind shear are like lines on a contour map.

  • A circle with a 20 or lower on it is an area of low wind shear. If you have a low wind shear area where your hurricane is developing it means that there's not enough wind sheer to disrupt it. With low wind shear the tropical storm or hurricane you are tracking is likely to grow.

  • If the wind shear is higher than 30 where your storm is developing you will probably see it weaken or even disappear.


Correction Alert

A wording problem has been found in the "Cloud Formation" Discovery File on page 5: "These tiny droplets condense onto solid particles ...", although correct could be misread as the already formed droplets collecting around particles rather than the original condensation of the droplets occurring onto the particles. Similarly with "additional water droplets attach themselves to the surrounding particles".

Another problem was found in the figure on page 36. The cross-section shown for the stationary front is actually a cross-section of an occluded front which is one in which a cold front has caught up with a warm front thus lifting all the warm air off the ground as shown in the figure. A stationary front is one that still has warm air at the ground on one side and cold air on the other side (as suggested by the map symbol) and thus could turn into a warm front or a cold front if it starts moving.

Thanks to Dr. Steven Carson (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) of NOAA) for catching these errors and providing the correct information.

Building and Testing A Hurricane Resistant Building

Roger Johnson (science teacher, Maplewood Middle School, Maplewood, NJ) has designed a great new activity to go with Hurricane! Click here to read about his activity: Hurricane-Resistant Building Design


Seeing Into the Heart of a Hurricane

Despite the forecasts that Hurricane Opal would hit their town in a little more than 24 hours, the residents of Pensacola, Florida, remained relatively calm on October 3, 1995. They pulled their boats out of the water, boarded up the beachfront businesses and went about their daily routines, fearing no more than perhaps a few fallen trees and a missed day of work. At that time, the National Hurricane Center predicted that Opal would remain a Category 1 storm, packing peak winds of around 90 miles per hour---a veritable creampuff as far as hurricanes go.

Then overnight, as the hurricane moved across the Gulf of Mexico towards the city, something happened that no one predicted. The hurricane gathered energy from some then unseen reserves, jumped up in intensity to a strong Category 4 storm with peak winds of 150 mph, and threatened to turn Pensacola into a deluge of seawater and rain. The whole region went into a frenzy. The residents gathered what they could, evacuated their homes, and lined up bumper to bumper on Interstate 110 in an effort to flee.

What happened to the forecast and the forecasters? Get the answer from NASA's Earth Observatory.


As with all Event-Based Science modules, much of the information you need is provided in Hurricane!. To help you further, the section below contains a list of World-Wide Web sites where additional information about hurricanes is available. Point to and click on the highlighted words to be linked with stormy web pages.

Links To Hurricane! Related Web Sites
(Links are checked monthly. They were working on the date of the last update.)

  • National Hurricane Center Go to this site for the latest official information on active hurricanes and tropical storms.
  • UNISYS Weather - Hurricane points you to a lot of facts about hurricanes including tracking information for this hurricane season. It is complete with pictures and histories of hurricanes including Gilbert, Hugo, Mitch, and Andrew. You'll also get information on hurricane names and force data.
  • NASA Hurricane Resource Page  A great site for images and animations.
  • Stormpulse See the current location and forecast path for active tropical storms and hurricanes.
Hurricane Andrew Sequence

Hurricane Andrew Sequence - NASA

  • NODS Climate Visualization This is a great site that allows students to graph and download data from the World's Weather Data Archive. As you work to complete the Hurricane! task, you might want to plot real weather data from your city. This site will give you graphs of different weather measurements for the year and month the hurricane actually hit--a great addition to your newspaper.

Damage Caused by Hurricane Isabel, 2003
Courtesy US Fish and Wildlife Service

Courtesy, Cedar Key Chamber of Commerce

Pelican
  • Video - Hurricane Andrew as it Happened

 
 
© 1995-2014 Event-Based Science Project (Event-Based Science is a registered trademark of the Event-Based Science Institute.)

For links to other Event-Based Science books and pages, return to the EBS homepage:

Event-Based Science Home Page


EBS Institute Tutoring

Developed by Frank Weisel
Maintained by Russ Wright
<russ@ebsinstitute.com>